The history and main features of brownfields

brownfield investment

Canada[ edit ] Environment Canada defines brownfields as "abandoned, idle or underutilized commercial or industrial properties [typically located in urban areas] where past actions have caused environmental contamination, but which still have potential for redevelopment or other economic opportunities.

We suggest that local tailored policies are more suitable than regional or national policies to boost the reuse of brownfield sites. They also find that the increased density of housing on brownfields did not significantly reduce socio-economic deprivation at local authority 2 level.

Specifically, our study addresses English brownfields regeneration agenda with three related questions: i what local characteristics make a site more likely to be regenerated?

The history and main features of brownfields

Most of these studies have used qualitative data and in-depth case studies, whilst studies using quantitative data to derive policy recommendations for brownfields reuse in England are less common. Our analysis aims at providing policy makers with indications to what has limited brownfields regeneration and what has favoured the reuse of previously developed sites in England. There are more than 66, hectares of previously developed land, or brownfields in England, mostly located in the high-growth areas of greater London, the South East and East, that would be suitable to accommodate more than , new homes DCLG Page and Berger discern several differences when comparing brownfields in Texas and in New York. The selection and specification of these variables is ideally determined by the factors expected to drive spatial variation in future profits. Canada[ edit ] Environment Canada defines brownfields as "abandoned, idle or underutilized commercial or industrial properties [typically located in urban areas] where past actions have caused environmental contamination, but which still have potential for redevelopment or other economic opportunities. In particular, we find that the probability of reusing a brownfield increases by up to 8.

See Natural Resources Canada Denmark[ edit ] While Denmark lacks the large land base which creates the magnitude of brownfield issues facing countries such as Germany and the U. As of Septemberthe EPA estimates that the Brownfields program has resulted in 56, acres of land readied for reuse.

This formulation assumes that the same random effects apply to all observations within the same local authority, but that they differ to observations outside the local authority. Under the spatial random effects probit model, we test the assumption that the status of sites in a particular local authority is useful information in predicting the status for other sites in the same local authority area and also in other local authority areas.

brownfield definition environmental science

They find less residential redevelopment at voluntary remediation sites compared to mandatory remediation sites, but also that sites with a higher probability of contamination are less likely to be redeveloped residentially, and more likely to be redeveloped industrially.

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The Determinants of Brownfields Redevelopment in England