Canada[ edit ] Environment Canada defines brownfields as "abandoned, idle or underutilized commercial or industrial properties [typically located in urban areas] where past actions have caused environmental contamination, but which still have potential for redevelopment or other economic opportunities.
We suggest that local tailored policies are more suitable than regional or national policies to boost the reuse of brownfield sites. They also find that the increased density of housing on brownfields did not significantly reduce socio-economic deprivation at local authority 2 level.
Specifically, our study addresses English brownfields regeneration agenda with three related questions: i what local characteristics make a site more likely to be regenerated?
See Natural Resources Canada Denmark[ edit ] While Denmark lacks the large land base which creates the magnitude of brownfield issues facing countries such as Germany and the U. As of Septemberthe EPA estimates that the Brownfields program has resulted in 56, acres of land readied for reuse.
This formulation assumes that the same random effects apply to all observations within the same local authority, but that they differ to observations outside the local authority. Under the spatial random effects probit model, we test the assumption that the status of sites in a particular local authority is useful information in predicting the status for other sites in the same local authority area and also in other local authority areas.
They find less residential redevelopment at voluntary remediation sites compared to mandatory remediation sites, but also that sites with a higher probability of contamination are less likely to be redeveloped residentially, and more likely to be redeveloped industrially.