Mecca notes

Goods from Africa and the Far East passed through en route to Syria including spices, leather, medicine, cloth, and slaves; in return Mecca received money, weapons, cereals and wine, which in turn were distributed throughout Arabia. The museum collection holds, for example, a nineteenth century lithograph of black slaves, musicians, who performed in Jeddah next to their instruments, and wax cylinder sound recordingswhich could have been shown.

Next to the emphasis on the human experience, the objects are used to demonstrate the pluriformity of the Hajj.

mecca pilgrimage

This exhibition is based on the Hajj journey to the heart of Islam at the British Museum, and was subsequently adapted for a Dutch audience inand exhibited at the National Museum of Ethnology, Leiden.

Another previous route that ran through the Persian Gulf via the Tigris and Euphrates rivers was also being threatened by exploitations from the Sassanid Empireand was being disrupted by the Lakhmidsthe Ghassanidsand the Roman—Persian Wars.

I remember visiting the same exhibition in Leiden with a Dutch-Turkish-Moroccan couple, who were not religious per se, but identified more or less with Islam, and visited the museum in Leiden for the first time thanks to the exhibition.

Other regional powers such as the AbyssinianGhassan, and Lakhm were in decline leaving Meccan trade to be the primary binding force in Arabia in the late 6th century. His brother Qays who was with him fled to Abraha and told him the news, which increased his rage and fury and he swore to raid the Kinana tribe and destroy the temple.

According to early Islamic historians such as Ibn IshaqAbrahathe Christian ruler of Yemenwhich was subject to the Kingdom of Aksum of Ethiopiabuilt a great church at Sana'a known as al-Qullays in honor of the Aksumite king Negus. It gained widespread fame, even gaining the notice of the Byzantine Empire.

However, the geographic location Diodorus describes is located in northwest Arabia, around the area of Leuke Komecloser to Petra and within the former Nabataean Kingdom and Rome's Arabia Petraea.

Mecca or makkah

In any case, whether the exhibition is too political or depoliticized, at first sight I found this difficult to determine, a promising conclusion given the mission of the museum and the sensitivities of the subject. Next to the emphasis on the human experience, the objects are used to demonstrate the pluriformity of the Hajj. Goods from Africa and the Far East passed through en route to Syria including spices, leather, medicine, cloth, and slaves; in return Mecca received money, weapons, cereals and wine, which in turn were distributed throughout Arabia. Abdul Muttalib told the Meccans to seek refuge in the hills while he with some leading members of the Quraysh remained within the precincts of the Kaaba. This exhibition is based on the Hajj journey to the heart of Islam at the British Museum, and was subsequently adapted for a Dutch audience in , and exhibited at the National Museum of Ethnology, Leiden. However, in doing so, negative aspects are blended out. According to the Surah of Al-Fil , the next day, [as Abraha prepared to enter the city], a dark cloud of small birds sent by Allah appeared. The gouache shows the mountains of the Hijaz, where key events in the life of the Prophet Muhammad took place, from receiving his first revelations to his final sermon on Mount Arafat, which is one of the sights where pilgrims gather during the Hajj. Museum visitors will probably fail to notice the uniqueness of the contrast between the light blue of the depicted mountain skies and the background filled with blue flower motives and black, a color composition and style that hints at the Siberian origins of the work. Abraha [57] [58] marched upon the Kaaba with a large army, which included one or more war elephants , intending to demolish it. In my opinion, it is an achievement to convey something of the beauty of the Hajj to visitors of various backgrounds. Taylor therefore concludes that, to understand religions today, both the emphasis on the psychology of individual experiences as well as Durkheimian analyses of sociological functions remain crucial for the varieties of religious experiences in a secular age.

These annual events gave the tribes a sense of common identity and made Mecca an important focus for the peninsula. Another more unusual acquisition is a work signed and dated AH by Bilal Azizof, working in Tobolsk, Russia.

Shie Jie Chen.

Makkah live

He stressed the needs of young visitors — many of them children — who can visit the museum to learn about an important Islamic ritual, which matters to Muslims all across the world including Dutch citizens. I remember visiting the same exhibition in Leiden with a Dutch-Turkish-Moroccan couple, who were not religious per se, but identified more or less with Islam, and visited the museum in Leiden for the first time thanks to the exhibition. As I was previously involved in documenting some of the objects as an assistant curator, I was especially curious to see the changes made to the objects on display, and would like to briefly share a few thoughts I had after seeing the exhibition. I cannot describe the many beautiful objects here in detail, including the precious loans from the Khalili Collections, so I will give only two examples of new acquisitions on display for the first time, both first acquired by professor emeritus Frederick de Jong Utrecht University and bought by the museum in When Abdul-Muttalib left the meeting he was heard saying, "The Owner of this House is its Defender, and I am sure he will save it from the attack of the adversaries and will not dishonor the servants of His House. Visitors are told, to give one more example, that meat produced for Eid al-Adha, the Feast of the Sacrifice, is distributed to the poor around the world. Pooyan Tamimi Arab. Ibn Ishaq further states that one of the men of the Quraysh tribe was angered by this, and going to Sana'a, slipped into the church at night and defiled it; it is widely assumed that they did so by defecating in it.

Even though detailed descriptions were established of Western Arabia by Rome, such as by Procopiusthere are no references of a pilgrimage and trading outpost such as Mecca.

Rated 5/10 based on 3 review
Download
Summary: ROAD TO MECCA STUDY NOTES