Management and planning
5 steps in planning process
Continually reassessing the needs of the target population, the field, or whatever is appropriate, to make sure that what you're doing is, in fact, aimed at accomplishing what's necessary. Once you've nailed down that process, your management plan should be complete, and it's time to get to work and put it into practice. Staff members know who they need to go to for information, consultation, supervision, etc. Latest Blogs by Terry Sterling Jul 8, One of the key elements of effective leadership centers around relationships. If your organization gets funding from state agencies, foundations, or other funders, it's important to establish and maintain good relationships with both the individuals who oversee that funding and with the funding institutions as a whole. A food co-op or other cooperative business often functions in this way, with everyone having a vote in major decisions. Once again, the format and basis of your evaluation and adjustment strategy should be consistent with the philosophy and mission of your organization. Psychological aspects[ edit ] The Striatum ; part of the basal ganglia ; neural pathways between the striatum and the frontal lobe have been implicated in planning function. Assess Your Situation To know where you want to go, you must first understand where you are. Leading Leading involves the social and informal sources of influence that you use to inspire action taken by others. Mintzberg, H.
Moreover objectives focus the attention of managers on the end results to be achieved. If they all work together, they can create a powerful organization; if they wrestle for control, they can handicap, or even destroy, an organization.
Establishing, where possible, collaborative relationships with other groups and agencies e. Planning bridges the gap between where we are to, where we want to go.
However, in a highly motivated and aligned team, with a homogeneous level of expertise, a more democratic or laissez-faire style may be more effective. Controlling also requires a clear understanding of where responsibility for deviations from standards lies.
A young organization that was essentially a collaborative had a board chair who had had considerable experience on the boards of other, more traditional, organizations.
Importance of planning in management
Fulfilling the Planning Function Planning is the process of thinking about and organizing the activities required to achieve strategic objectives. Once again, when you're finished, consider how the policies and procedures you've generated match your philosophy and mission, and reexamine any that don't. You need to think carefully about what kind of model will get you what you want, and not get you what you don't want. Regularly comparing policies and procedures to what really happens in the organization in the circumstances they cover. It is "an anticipatory decision making process" that helps in coping with complexities. Structure is also the design of systems to ensure effective coordination of employees across departments. What function does organizing serve? Planning premises may be internal or external. Set Measurable Goals Use the vision you have crafted to create measurable goals. Evaluating the organization's activities, with input from staff, the target population, and, if appropriate, the community at large. Decisions must be made about the duties and responsibilities of individual jobs, as well as the manner in which the duties should be carried out.
Planning includes the plan, the thought process, action, and implementation. She viewed her role, and that of the board in general, as "The Boss," and felt that it was her and their prerogative to dictate policy without discussion.
This works well when creativity and independent operations create value for the organization. At the same time, everyone has enough authority to fulfill her own responsibility and do her job effectively.
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