Drugs affecting the central nervous system

Within about an hour after ecstasy enters the bloodstream, it stimulates the activity of serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine, NIDA explains.

drugs that affect the nervous system list

Regular use of them, even when taken as directed through a valid prescription, can cause tolerance to develop, requiring escalating dosages. The brain will then stop functioning as it did before introduction of the opioid, causing levels of dopamine to drop when the drug wears off.

long term effects of drugs on the brain

Benzodiazepines Benzodiazepine drugs are prescription sedatives and tranquilizers, such as Valium diazepamAtivan lorazepamXanax alprazolamand Klonopin clonazepam. Those who have become addicted to a prescription CNS depressant and stop using the drug abruptly may experience a withdrawal.

This can decrease the amount of oxygen that reaches the brain, a condition called hypoxia.

Central nervous system drugs list

Unintentional Overdose Deaths webpage. In general, hallucinogens are not considered to be addictive; however, there may be residual effects of their abuse. Hypoxia can have short- and long-term mental effects and effects on the nervous system, including coma and permanent brain damage. Opioid drugs are considered highly addictive, as ASAM publishes that almost a quarter of heroin users will suffer from addiction to opioids. Regular cocaine abuse can lead to paranoia and negatively impact functions of the central nervous system, causing cardiac arrhythmias, sudden cardiac arrest, ischemic heart conditions, a respiratory syndrome unique to snorting to cocaine, hypertension, convulsions, stroke, and death, the DEA warns. These drugs are prescribed to treat anxiety, to relieve muscle tension, and as sleep aids. Physical withdrawal symptoms may resemble the flu, and emotional withdrawal symptoms include depression, anxiety, and insomnia. Benzodiazepines Benzodiazepine drugs are prescription sedatives and tranquilizers, such as Valium diazepam , Ativan lorazepam , Xanax alprazolam , and Klonopin clonazepam. If a person takes additional doses of MDMA while the drug is still in the system, it can interfere with the metabolism, which can make the cardiovascular and toxic side effects worse, NIDA warns. Anxiety, irritability, sleep difficulties, depression, aggression, impulsivity, loss of appetite, and decreased interest in sex may be side effects of regular ecstasy use.

Drugs that affect the central nervous system CNSor spinal cord and brain, are used to treat several neurological nervous system and psychiatric problems: Antiepileptic drugs reduce the activity of the over excited brain area to reduce or eliminate seizures.

Physical withdrawal symptoms may resemble the flu, and emotional withdrawal symptoms include depression, anxiety, and insomnia. Suddenly stopping can also lead to harmful consequences like seizures. They serve to increase levels of GABA in the brain and slow functions of the central nervous system.

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DrugFacts: Prescription CNS Depressants