An overview of the ebola virus cause effects prevention and treatment
Body fluids, such as breast milk, stool, saliva, semen, sweat, urine, or vomit, of a person infected with the virus. As it can take between 2 and 21 days for symptoms to develop, a person with Ebola may have been in contact with hundreds of people, which is why an outbreak can be hard to control and may spread rapidly.
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Do not touch the blood or body fluids of a person who may be infected with the virus. Viral hemorrhagic fever antibodies in Nigerian populations. What is the history of Ebola? If a child with an acute febrile illness has resided in or traveled to a country where there is active transmission of EVD in the preceding 3 weeks, EVD should be considered in the differential diagnosis. Ebola survivors need comprehensive support for the medical and psychosocial challenges they face and also to minimize the risk of continued Ebola virus transmission. Indirect contact with environments contaminated with such fluids. Through 22 July , a total of 27, EVD cases and 11, deaths were reported from all affected countries. The current outbreak can provide the opportunity to improve our understanding of EVD in children by systematically collecting information on disease course and predictors of survival in children of different ages. The exact cause of EVD is unknown. Children comprise a small percentage of all cases globally, likely because of their lower risk of exposure given social and cultural practices. BMC Infect Dis. These initial symptoms are nonspecific and can easily be mistaken for other, endemic infectious diseases, such as malaria, typhoid fever, yellow fever or, particularly in the case of children, for other infections with exanthems, such as measles or meningococcemia.
We identified studies for inclusion in this review. The vaccine uses a weakened virus found in livestock; one of its genes has been replaced by an Ebola virus gene. Bell M.
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Bull World Health Organ. This article summarizes current knowledge on EVD, its epidemiology and clinical presentation as well as treatment and infection control procedures, with a focus on summarizing the limited available understanding of the effects of EVD in infants and children. Curtis N. Above is a list of ways Ebola can and cannot be transmitted. The reemergence of Ebola hemorrhagic fever, Democratic Republic of the Congo, As long as the patient's blood and secretions contain the virus, they are infectious. Getting oxygen. Exposure to the semen of people with Ebola or who have recovered from the disease - the virus can still be transmitted through semen for up to 7 weeks after recovery from illness. If you are diagnosed with EVD, you will be put in isolation right away to prevent the virus from spreading. Ebola hemorrhagic fever and pregnancy. How long am I contagious with the virus? WHO has developed detailed advice on Ebola infection prevention and control: Table: Chronology of previous Ebola virus disease outbreaks Year. On July 31 , Lancet published preliminary results of a vaccine trial funded and organized by the WHO; the Ebola ca Suffit vaccine had percent efficacy in the trial, which took place in Guinea and involved 4, people. However, a range of potential treatments including blood products, immune therapies and drug therapies are currently being evaluated.
Springer; New York: Living with Ebola virus disease Overall, EVD leads to death in about half of people who become infected.
Have direct contact with a person infected with the virus. Epidemiology, pathogenesis, and clinical manifestations of Ebola and Marburg virus diseases.
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Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. Assessment of the risk of Ebola virus transmission from bodily fluids and fomites. This document provides overall guidance for control of Ebola and Marburg virus outbreaks: When an outbreak is detected WHO responds by supporting community engagement, disease detection, contact tracing, vaccination, case management, laboratory services, infection control, logistics, and training and assistance with safe and dignified burial practices. In the same outbreak, 7. Studies of viral persistence indicate that in a small percentage of survivors, some body fluids may test positive on reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction RT-PCR testing for Ebola virus for longer than 9 months. Close supervision and care by health care professionals is very important. The current Ebola outbreak in West Africa is unprecedented in magnitude and duration and, as of November 30, , shows no signs of abating. Treating other infections.
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