An essay on the justification of platos republic

An essay on the justification of platos republic

Saxonhouse, Arlene. Now the point of this is not that rulers, the people who govern the country, should be aristocrats. Socrates proceeds to discuss imitation. Thrasymachus suggests that some arts, such as that of shepherds, do not do this but rather aim at the advantage of the practitioner c. Thus, the argument goes, Socrates does not seem primarily interested in discussing political philosophy but ethics instead. Several commentators focused on these elements to dismiss the Republic as a proto-totalitarian text see Popper, Karl. Nevertheless, it is also unrealistic to claim that an elite does not exist today, as, for instance, there are always several main political parties who take turns running governments. But it is not obvious that the rulers of Kallipolis have inherently totalitarian and objectionable aims cf. Austin and when considering conflicting attitudes about how things appear to be c—b cf. These cases are supposed to establish a distinction between appetite and spirit. Each human has certain natural abilities a and doing only the single job one is naturally suited for, is the most efficient way to satisfy the needs of all the citizens c. The most effective of these rulers would be philosophers, as they have knowledge of the good of the whole Plato d.

Socrates proceeds to discuss imitation. No mention of aristocrats here! Even modern democracies took many of his ideas and realised them in their laws and politics.

Introduction: The Question and the Strategy 1. But Socrates does not proceed like that.

ideal state essay

But this picture of a meek, but moderate soul seems to sell short the requirements of moderation, which are not merely that there be no insurrections in the soul but also that there be agreement that the rational attitudes should rule. Ideally, these interest groups should have the necessary knowledge to bring about political change, but it is very hard to determine and quantify the necessary knowledge to bring about such change.

Platos state

Although this is all that the city-person analogy needs to do, Socrates seems at times to claim more for it, and one of the abiding puzzles about the Republic concerns the exact nature and grounds for the full analogy that Socrates claims. Scott , Johnstone , and Johnstone Socrates responds by indicating that the natural differences between men and women are not relevant when it comes to the jobs of protecting and ruling the city. Thus, one of the most pressing issues regarding the Republic is whether Socrates defends justice successfully or not. There are a couple of passages to support this approach. He does not think that the only motive for acting justly is to increase one's own happiness. The two arguments that Socrates proceeds to make are frustratingly difficult see Gosling and Taylor , Nussbaum , Russell , Moss , Warren , Shaw He points out that we choose everything with a view to the good e. That might seem bad enough, but the second point does not even receive a gesture. Thus, according to this view, it is warranted to regard the Republic as a work on political philosophy and as a seminal work in that area. There is no inconsistency in maintaining that one should aim at a secure life in order to live the best possible human life while also realizing that the best possible human life will be marked by insecurity. Annas, Julia.

The second issue is that even if thinking of it as a classic in political philosophy is warranted, it is very difficult to situate it in terms of its political position. According to the Republic, every human soul has three parts: reason, spirit, and appetite.

The additional proofs serve a second purpose, as well. But Book One rules this strategy out by casting doubt on widely accepted accounts of justice. They will see that the harmony or coherence of their psychological attitudes makes them good, that each of their attitudes is good insofar as it is part of a coherent set, and that their actions are good insofar as they sustain the unity in their souls cf.

Socrates proceeds to discuss the education of philosopher kings c-d.

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Plato’s Ethics and Politics in The Republic (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)